Thursday, April 30, 2009

Seriously. Is Joe Biden Stupid? Crazy?

Please double up the security on our President. If Joe Biden should have to move into that spot we're in very serious trouble.

In an economy teetering on the edge of disaster Biden effectively suggests we shut down the country. He says he would not have his family travel on subways, buses or planes because of the fear of swine flu.

This guy's idiotic flubs, gaffes, off the wall comments made him the "lovable Joe". Hey, everyone makes mistakes. But Biden is just plain stupid. Talk about a loose cannon.

Stop the panic on swine flu! Here's a stat that should show the relevance. Every year, EVERY YEAR, in the United States alone 180,000 people die from nosocomial infections. What's a nosocomial infection? An infection you caught in the hospital that you didn't have before you went in. That's a serious number. One death from swine flu and stay off public transportation?

Watch out folks, Rahm Emmanuel is figuring out a way to "not let a good crisis go to waste". You can bet it will cost you and the country more money than it should.

After all, the word pandemic is PANIC with the word DEM stuck in the middle

Monday, April 27, 2009

President Betrayed by the Evil-Prompter-Doer

Teleprompters do get out of hand but adoring crowds at campaign rallies tend to think it's cute...and allow for flubs.

But when you become President the problems somehow seem, well, very embarassing. I'd recommend reading from a script. Scripts don't run ahead on you.

I don't know, does reading from a teleprompter about everything tend to lessen the credibility of your strong convictions about the message..just a little?


This little nugget from Harry Reid's new book via

Reid, D-Nev., writes: "'That speech was phenomenal, Barack,' I told him. And I will never forget his response. Without the barest hint of braggadocio or conceit, and with what I would describe as deep humility, he said quietly: 'I have a gift, Harry.'"

Provided the telepromter is working correctly.

Double Standard

Remember when President Bush played golf once during the Iraq war? Reporters swarmed and the suggestion was that he should not be able to have time off during war time. Insensitive Republican President.

Obama plays a 5 hour round of golf and no reportage allowed. Also no after-the-fact stories about how insensitive it is during war time. Two wars and an economic crisis at home like we haven't seen in some time but Barack can play all the golf he wants with total protection from the adoring media. Double standard? Of course.

Maybe during his next round the Prez can contemplate appointing a Health and Human Services Secretary to help us with a possible swine flu problem.

By the way that slacker Bush had his entire cabinet nominated and confirmed by Feb 2nd of his first term.

Sunday, April 26, 2009

J-Nap is in the Hizzy

Don't you worry about that Swine Flu Epidemic. J-Nap is in control. Janet Napolitano who:
1. As Governor of Arizona allowed (and endorsed) the crossing of 5,000 illegal immigrants into her state...daily. Now where did that flu originate again....?

2. As Director of Homeland Security has outraged Canadians by suggesting that the suicide bombers of 9/11 came to the US through Canada (untrue of course)

3. As Director of Homeland Security has authorized memos suggesting that returning Iraq and Afghanistan military men and women are highly prone to dangerous "right wing extremism"

Girl's got it goin' on, doesn't she?

Saturday, April 25, 2009

The Dem's and Obama's Slippery Slope

So we're going to drag out all the people involved in setting "coercive interrogation" rulings and see if we can throw them in jail. Maybe Bush and Cheney will be testifying before Obama's planned 3 ring circus homage to

Bring it on. It will be the biggest mistake of the already mistake prone One-Party-Washington. Former CIA director Porter Goss thinks there may be just a hint of politics involved as he writes in the WaPo today:

Since leaving my post as CIA director almost three years ago, I have remained largely silent on the public stage. I am speaking out now because I feel our government has crossed the red line between properly protecting our national security and trying to gain partisan political advantage. We can't have a secret intelligence service if we keep giving away all the secrets. Americans have to decide now.

Goss goes on to implicate the leaders of the democratic party as knowing everything about the coercive techniques and in fact asking if more were necessary.

Please read this entire article and at the end you'll find this perfect WaPo caveat:

The writer, a Republican, was director of the CIA from September 2004 to May 2006 and was chairman of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence from 1997 to 2004.

Lest we think a sane democrat would have this kind of opinion.

A Look at Obama from across the Pond

Sometimes we can get a little myopic in looking at our own political circus. Here's a view from the UK Telegraph.

It's very telling and it mirrors what millions of Americans are also thinking. Here'a a point that hits home:

Obama's problem is that he does not know who the enemy is. To him, the enemy does not squat in caves in Waziristan, clutching automatic weapons and reciting the more militant verses from the Koran: instead, it sits around at tea parties in Kentucky quoting from the US Constitution. Obama is not at war with terrorists, but with his Republican fellow citizens. He has never abandoned the campaign trail.

That is why he opened Pandora's Box by publishing the Justice
Department's legal opinions on waterboarding and other hardline interrogation techniques. He cynically subordinated the national interest to his partisan desire to embarrass the Republicans. Then he had to rush to Langley, Virginia to try to reassure a demoralised CIA that had just discovered the President of the United States was an even more formidable foe than al-Qaeda.

"The Chicago Way" of Rahm Emmanuel and Barack Obama is dividing this country like never before.

Please read the entire article.

Friday, April 24, 2009

Obamanomics. Ouch.

A person normally is judged by the company one keeps and I would think that would extend to the cabinet one selects. Obama's choice for chief financial advisor is clearly asleep at the switch. Maybe he's faking it because to face what Obamanomics has wrought is very scary.
I think those who voted for Obama expected "The One" would bring prosperity to all. Setting the federal engraving office into hyper phony mode by printing trillions of dollars of fake money is easy. It's like having a big green EASY Button. And everyone loves more money - even if it's fake.

But to run a business (something Obama has never done) or to run a government (something Obama has never done)one needs money. Real money. Generated by the producers and workers of your own economy.

This chart shows how we're doing on the Real Money front. And don't look for this chart on the front page of the NYTimes, WaPo, BosGlobe or at HuffPO...

Oh, and the projected drop for April should hit near 50%.

Wednesday, April 22, 2009

Garofalo is the perfect example of a Hollywood airhead.

Janeane Garofolo, Hollywood spokesperson for the extreme left and darling of the moonbats who love Keith (I live with my Mom) Olbermann of MSNBC, takes a beat down from a Huff Po columnist after she calls protesting against big government, higher taxes and profligate spending "racist - straight up"

"She is wrong and she knows nothing about true racism-having never spent a day of her life being black in America. I do know something about racism as I and millions of other people of color have endured and experienced its ugly insidiousness. It is not a word that should be thrown around lightly or recklessly.

If we dare not stand in defense of our fellow citizens right to protest peacefully against our/their government then we are giving into a sneaky form of Tyranny. Race has nothing to do with the hardworking, decent American citizens who simply got sick and tired of being overtaxed and outspent by their government and showed up to do something about it."
Sophie Nelson, thanks for the clear thinking.


While Garafalo falsely references racism Jon Voight addresses the real racism in this world. The "24" irony is too sweet

Tuesday, April 21, 2009

The Onion seems to think there has been a little Jourtegrity Lost

Pretty damn funny, and like most Onion stuff - a little too much truthiness.

Jourtegrity Lost- Onion style.

Hat tip QuietMan

President Obama, thanks for boycotting the anti-race conference

Durban II the anti-race conference now being held is a joke. Several nations including ours are boycotting it because it seems somehow to be a great way to bash Israel. We don't belong there and President Obama made sure we didn't go.

Thank you President Obama, you did the right thing.

Obama asks Congress to slash the budget (by 0.0008%)

Let's say your family was spending $78,700 a year and you realized at that pace you would basically quadruple your family's current debt. And if left unchecked that debt would go up by a factor of 10 over the next ten years. Disaster on the horizon.

If President Obama was your family's financial advisor he would recommend that you find about $10 to shave off your budget to get things in line based on his request to Congress yesterday.

So if you can have little Bobby hold off on that 3-pack of tube socks things should just be fine.

Update: Paul Krugman of the NY Times suggests this about the concept that "100 million here and 100 million there really adds up":

Except, you know, really it doesn’t. Let’s say the administration finds $100 million in efficiencies every working day for the rest of the Obama administration’s first term. That’s still around $80 billion, or around 2% of one year’s federal spending.


Monday, April 20, 2009

It was Barney Frank, Freddie Mac, Fanny Mae and the other Dems -NO Doubt About It

Franklin Raines, head of Fannie Mae and close pal 0f Barney Frank, Barack Obama and Rahm Emmanuel took a 90 Million dollar bonus and Barney said "there are no problems at Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac". In October of 2004 it was found that Fannie Mae was using deceptive and fraudulent accounting practices.


"In 2005, the Senate Banking Committee, then under Republican control, adopted a strong reform bill, introduced by Republican Sens. Elizabeth Dole, John Sununu and Chuck Hagel, and supported by then chairman Richard Shelby. The bill prohibited the GSEs from holding portfolios, and gave their regulator prudential authority (such as setting capital requirements) roughly equivalent to a bank regulator. In light of the current financial crisis, this bill was probably the most important piece of financial regulation before Congress in 2005 and 2006. All the Republicans on the Committee supported the bill, and all the Democrats voted against it. Mr. McCain endorsed the legislation in a speech on the Senate floor. Mr. Obama, like all other Democrats, remained silent."

The bill of course did not pass, and bingo - Government sponsored agencies - Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac backed all sorts of nonsense subprime loans with the full faith and resources of the US taxpayers.

Read the whole thing. There is no confusion about where the blame lies.

Sunday, April 19, 2009

All you need to know about Obama

Socialist Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega spent 50 minutes excoriating the Latin American policies of the US during the administrations of all our presidents from 1960 on. Obama listened and had this to say:

"I'm grateful that President Ortega did not blame me for things that happened when I was three months old. "

If you think Obama thinks he's our president, president of the United States - you're wrong. He is unwilling to represent us or our past, he wants to be the teflon president who has done and will do no wrong.

Bowing to the Saudi king, shaking hands and smiling with a murderous, freedom squelching dictator such as Chavez, pleading with Raul Castro to let us re-invigorate his communist country and now rolling over for another banana republic scourge tells you all you need to know about Obama.

I'm embarassed by our president.

Saturday, April 18, 2009

Maybe he'll share the launch codes next

Obama this week shared with the world the minute exacting details of our efforts at coercive interrogation. The Justice Department has found that none of the CIA's practices are torture.
I'll repeat that none of the Bush Administration's efforts at coercive interrogation -none - including waterboarding constitute torture.

This report could have been issued without essentially revealing all of the details of our coercive interrogation tactics. Obama thought otherwise. Sharing is caring.

The Taliban however, have yet to release their list of coercive techniques.
Al Qaeda has yet to release their list of coercive techniques.
The Somali pirates are keeping mum on the subject too.

I used to carry a Geneva Convention card in my flight suit. The idea was to hand it to your captors so they would treat you with the respect outlined in the Geneva Convention. The joke was always hold it out to the side so the bullet passing through it won't hit you.

Thanks Obama, for putting our military men and women in more danger.

Why liberal talk radio never works

April 15th was the day that 600,000 plus fed-up Americans attended poorly organized, but truly heartfelt, protests about the ridiculous state of affairs the Obama administration and the one party government we now have has gotten us into.  The protests were peaceful and included some of the most clever signage I've ever seen.  It was a grass roots movement that deserved a respectful treatment in the media.  It got almost none.

At MSNBC and CNN punks Cooper, Maddow and Shuster along with various other dimwits decided rather than speak to the content of the rallies they would denigrate the participants with jokes, all of which revolved around the rather base play on words known as "teabagging".  If you're not "with it" enough to know what that means - good for you.  You don't watch enough Talk Soup, where all the clever people get their schadenfreude on by making fun of anyone on television who hasn't reached intellectual hipdom by surfing Facebook for hours on end at Starbucks while nursing a double espresso shot Machiatto.

Problem is that that joke was all they had.  MSNBC used the joke 51 times in 13 minutes.  I'm sure it was hilarious the first 45 or 46 times for your average airhead MSNBC viewer but the loyalest of fans had to at one point think - can't you throw a "George Bush is a stupid chimp" line in there once in awhile for variety?

Turns out liberals aren't really all that clever.  Teabagging was for them the equivalent of a 9 year old boy scout saying "boobs" to the other campers and getting nervous giggles all night.  It was so naughty, and look, we're getting away with it!  But it gets old and as Air America radio proves - it doesn't work as lasting entertainment. 

Wednesday, April 15, 2009

Joe Biden, cheapskate

Joe Biden has averaged donations to charity of  0.3% per year for the last 10 years - for example two years ago he and his wife donated $120 on income of over $321,000.  Whaaat?

This guy is a laughingstock for his inane comments throughout the campaign (" I've got 3 words for you J-O-B-S" - just one of many) and the vicious attacks on McCain and Palin's family.  He also claimed Obama wasn't nearly as experienced as he should be to be president.  That is, until he was asked to be VP.

Disingenuous, stupid and selfish - meet your new Vice President.

Thousands upon thousands say No You Can't!

More than 800 tea parties all across this nation today protesting the largest race to deficit spending the United States Of America has ever known.  But US Reps and Senators are having the last laugh - as we protest they can simply say "too late, suckers we blew that crap by you with the Obama FearMongering Express back in February - now pass me that fat-dripping pork chop"

Too late is right.  4 times the budget deficit that this nation has ever known because nobody on the left had the courage to stand up to Obama and Rahm's big adventure.  It's over folks, put all your savings in  your mattresses because the tax rate is going to suck anybody who makes more than $40,000 a year dry.

Retire as early as you can and maybe the looters and moochers will have to go back to work to help pay for their own entitlements.

Tuesday, April 14, 2009

Unprecedented indeed.

Please tell me why our President is so enamored of his response to this recession. In his latest speech he said...

"...we have responded to an extraordinary set of economic challenges with extraordinary action – action that has been unprecedented in both its scale and its speed."

Scale - that will triple the current deficit in 3 years - quadruple it in 10. All with borrowed money - money we don't have.

Speed - a stimulus package that blew through the Congress with no Republican support because he had the numbers and with absolutely no transparency - no five days for the American people and less than 8 hours for Congress.

Obama's FY09 budget is filled with pork projects something he promised would never happen, yet Obama is on tour touting how great this courageous plan is.

Run out tonight and load up all your credit cards to the max, pay no attention to what you're buying and tell your grandkids they have to pay the bills when they come in. That is what Obama and the thieves in Congress have done.

It's easy. Anyone can do it. But we're supposed to believe it's brilliant governing. It's extraordinary action.
Oh it's extraordinary action all right.

Saturday, April 11, 2009

Welcome to the Monkey House

I'm working my way through Atlas Shrugged the handbook of the new Libertarian or the old Objectivist. It's a great read but at 1100 pages of teeny tiny type I'm moving deliberately. It has made me think a bit about somewhat shorter literary works that have had an important impact on my life.

Kurt Vonnegut, often referred to incorrectly, in my opinion, as an author with a liberal bent - generally was quite displeased with war but also with all types of government intervention in our lives.

Two of his short stories are darkly humorous and address just these issues. In the wonderful book of short stories; Welcome to the Monkey House - the title story describes a world where the government is trying to reduce the world population by getting people to commit suicide in government sponsored suicide parlors. Women are numbed from the waist down to prevent them from feeling desirous of sex. The hero in this story, Billy Pilgrim, risks death by breaking into suicide parlors and kidnapping the women suicide hostesses long enough to have the numbing medicine wear off. He attempts to charm them into having sex with him hoping to prevent a few suicides and while impregnating a few to bring some new children into the world. It's a hilarious story and unlike Atlas Shrugged takes a little less time to get you to pay attention to how government wants to control our lives.

Another story in the same book is called Harrison Bergeron and describes the story of a young boy who is much larger than the other kids his age. Normally a bit clumsy he surprises his proud parents by being a tremendous ballet talent. Angry parents, armed with new government regulations arrange to have Harrison weighed down by heavy chains to prevent the children his age from feeling inadequate. A funny, poignant story that draws so many parallels to so many situations in our current paternalistic government. With Obama's plans to further enhance the nanny government the story rings far too true.

Thursday, April 9, 2009

Rejoice! Obama tells Islam that we're not at war with them!

This makes Obama the great uniter. Thank goodness we're now loved around the world. What's that you say? PresidentBush assured the Islamists that we're not at war with them many times?


•“I’ve made it clear, Madam President, that the war against terrorism is not a war against Muslims, nor is it a war against Arabs. It’s a war against evil people who conduct crimes against innocent people.” — Remarks by President George W. Bush and President Megawati of Indonesia The Oval Office, Washington, D.C. September 19, 2001
•“The face of terror is not the true faith of Islam. That’s not what Islam is all about. Islam is peace. These terrorists don’t represent peace. They represent evil and war.” — Remarks by the President at Islamic Center of Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. September 17, 2001
•“All of us here today understand this: We do not fight Islam, we fight against evil.” — Remarks by President George W. Bush to the Warsaw Conference on Combating Terrorism November 6, 2001
•“I have assured His Majesty that our war is against evil, not against Islam. There are thousands of Muslims who proudly call themselves Americans, and they know what I know — that the Muslim faith is based upon peace and love and compassion. The exact opposite of the teachings of the al Qaeda organization, which is based upon evil and hate and destruction.” — Remarks by President George W. Bush and His Majesty King Abdullah of Jordan The Oval Office, Washington, D.C. September 28, 2001
•“Islam is a vibrant faith. Millions of our fellow citizens are Muslim. We respect the faith. We honor its traditions. Our enemy does not. Our enemy doesn’t follow the great traditions of Islam. They’ve hijacked a great religion.” – Remarks by President George W. Bush on U.S. Humanitarian Aid to Afghanistan Presidential Hall, Dwight David Eisenhower Executive Office Building, Washington, D.C. October 11, 2002

And you wonder why people think the liberal media is covering up for Obama?

Monday, April 6, 2009

A tipping point in global warming nonsense

Many of my acquaintances love to smirk or look knowingly at each other when I tell them what a bunch of hogwash the global warming hysteria is. Eleven years of dropping temperatures and mountains of evidence prove that CO2 can't have the effects people claim it has on the earth's climate. Detailed data exists that shows massively higher CO2 levels at frigid times in our climate history.

Sometimes I feel like I'm in the Invasion of the Body Snatchers movie and everyone has popped out of their gooey little pods chanting "the IPCC says so, the IPCC says so". The Main Stream Media has protected this BS long enough and while I'd be the first to say we need to protect our environment and develop alternative energy sources, I'm tired of public policy being developed on false hysteria. And apparently other people are finally starting to catch on.

For just one of several well researched websites that takes a different view go here.

Skeptics of the skeptical, stop being stubborn, wipe off the pod goo and if you'd rather watch a film go here.

Sunday, April 5, 2009

"Smart Power" looking pretty dumb so far

President Obama asked in his "spellbinding oratory" (a must for smart power diplomacy) for troops from our European pals to help out in Afghanistan. The result, a few hundred British troops for the August election and...

"Just two other allies made firm offers of troops. Belgium offered to send 35 military trainers and Spain offered 12. Mr Obama’s host, Nicolas Sarkozy, refused his request."

That's 347 troops most of whom won't make it out of the mess hall with the restrictions they operate under.

And how's about that missile the North Korean's just launched? Turns out Obama's threat of a "stern" response wasn't too effective.

I wouldn't blame the prez though, my bet is Hillary may have gifted Mr Kim with a "reset button" that was mistranslated again. You know, with the word "launch" instead.

Saturday, April 4, 2009

Obama's budget support numbers a big lie - by a factor of 3.

But CNN and Huffington Post don't care, they report whatever they're told by the DNC as gospel. Turns out the nationwide email campaign came up a little short so they decided to fudge things by 300%.

The president's e-mail list of 13-million resulted in just 114,000 individual pledges — a response rate of less than 1 percent. Party workers secured another 100,000 signatures by hitting the streets. The DNC arrived at its 642,000 figure by making three photocopies of each petition so that every signer's senators and representative could get one.

These people must be using the same math in predicting the budget deficit will be cut in half by the end of Obama's term.

Read the whole thing. Believe me, it won't be on the network news tonight.

Will the NyTimes shut down the Boston Globe?

This is the newspaper that is dropped on my doorstep every morning. I haven't had the thrill up my leg about bringing it into my house to enjoy with my first cup of coffee for years. I read the sports page for the local sports teams and even that section gets occasionally political. Boston's heroic pitcher Curt Schilling showed up at events in New Hampshire in support of George W Bush for president in 2004. Dan Shaughnessy was given the task of berating Schilling in his sports columns ever since.

The front section is Democratic Talking Points 101. I get so angry at the bias in this section that I can only read it if I am in a self flagellating mood. The Op-Ed page is knee-slapping humor since it is written by the ghost of Saul Alinsky. The letters, always from Cambridge or the wealthy suburbs, are apoplectic missives reacting to some "cretin" who had the gall to suggest things may be getting better in Iraq or that this recession would have played itself out without bankrupting our future. I don't know what these letter writers will do if the Globe goes down, but I'd think about putting together a Western Suburbs Suicide Watch team.

I do feel sorry for the production workers at the Globe. They don't have to spill bogus rewrites about Abu Ghraib, or nucular, or Bush the chimp, onto a page each day - they have to muscle the paper out onto the streets from Midnight to 4 AM. I hope they land on their feet.

And there are still a few good writers at the Globe; Alex Beam - apolitical and outrageously clever/funny, Jeff Jacoby a brilliant conservative writer, I suspect feeling like a cashew sent down the wrong tube into a jar of peanuts, and Dan Payne and Todd Domke trading very clever opposing assessments of the political scene. I probably should have given others a chance but something told me it would be a waste of time.

If the Globe goes down I will forever have a fantasy. I will always wonder if all the great writers from that paper ever got together at a local bar over a few beers and denounced the overlords at the Globe and in the editorial departments for making them the exact opposite of the kind of good journalists they thought they could be coming out of J school.

If they ever collaborated to write a book about how journalism died at the Boston Globe it would be a best seller and probably a guide for journalism schools 10 years from now when the pendulum makes a swing back.

Friday, April 3, 2009

The Frat boys' joke on the rich uncle

So that trillion dollars for the IMF? The frat boys want Uncle Hsu to kick in the biggest amount. Perfect picture.

from the site

Mr Brown claimed that China had agreed a $40bn contribution to IMF funds. Chinese authorities could not confirm that last night. The IMF declined to comment.

The joke's on us folks. China has bankrolled our current and near future debt. If they stop and call in the loans - the pork-laden, gravy train stimulus bill will bury us.

Obama needs a Protocol Teleprompter

On his Apology Tour '09 our president, Barack Obama, has managed to show his and his staff's (500 people no less) utter lack of knowledge of cultures outside of Chicago, Illinois. Obama has managed to give the Queen an Ipod (manufactured in China), has had his wife touch the Queen, referred often to Britain as England (they hate that) and did a deep bow to the King of Saudi Arabia (his subjects don't even do that!) and put more people to sleep with his long-winded oratory than your brother-in-law at Thanksgiving. And of course these are only the things we know. Imagine the things we aren't hearing at all.

If George Bush did any one of the things above there would have been calls for impeachment hearings. We would have seen the bow in slow-mo 500 times with James Carville and Paul Begala offering snarky analysis. Leno and Letterman could lay off half their writing staffs for at least a month.

But not here in these United States of Obamerica. Mum's the word. The guy is a genius, the world loves him and man his wife's arms are cut! Please tell me again what the US got out of the G20 meetings other than a promise to deliver on the lion's share of a 1 trillion dollar gift to the IMF. The only person on to BHO is Sarkozy's wife.
The bow to the King of Saudi Arabia must have had the guy in stitches. He had to have had to bite hard not to laugh out loud. I'm sure the Middle Eastern oligarchies had an idea that America had lost its toughness by electing an isolationist like Obama but I can't imagine they could have dreamed it would be this easy or so overt.

I think Jed Clampett would have known better than to bow to an oil potentate.


Thursday, April 2, 2009

Everyone loves the Obama war in Afghanistan

During the Bush war in Afghanistan we only killed women and children. Every AP story always led with a local tribal spokesman claiming that no insurgents or Taliban or Al Qaida or any bad guys died - just children - and women. The coalition claims of killing bad guys came later in the story and were usually discredited. These stories came daily it seemed and they seemed to heighten around....election time! Hmmm. Now if you check out the Obama war in Afghanistan and the illegal Obama war in Pakistan we only kill bad guys - no complaints by the locals!

Obama has authorized: first-17,000 more troops(3 weeks ago) and 4,000 more troops just last week. No complaining from the anti-war left. War is now okay.

Now that's jourtegrity!

Wednesday, April 1, 2009

What do Soccer Hooligans do in the offseason?

They protest against the evils of capitalism, of course! I believe the chant was "From each according to his abilities to each needing free beer and soccer ducats!"

Image from UK Telegraph